Posts idioma original

Posts idioma original

Behind the plot: 2nd page of the notebook of "The Rose and the Latch"



One of the facts that struck me most about Rose's story about the fate of her father, her uncle and her grandfather in the Mauthausen extermination camp was that no action was taken to recover them, if it had been a mistake. or an injustice. I knew, then, the character of the grandmother, an indefatigable fighter who moved heaven and earth to bring them back home. And I also entered into the biography of a despicable being, a Nazi in the court of Francisco Franco, his personal friend, married to a sister of the dictator's wife and known as the "minister president" for the powers he had in the regime: Ramón Serrano Suñer. To him they resorted to try to rectify injustice. Because, although he was born in Cartagena, his mother: Carmen Sunyer Font was from Mora, a city close to Xerta and his father: José Serrano Lloveres was from Tivissa also belonging to the Ribera d'Ebre. That is, they were almost neighbours.

It could be thought that a character with such power should be very busy to worry about the fate of some poor peasants, even if they were co-locals of his family. And he was: he planned a way to eradicate anyone who opposed the regime and for that he had requisitioned all the documentation of the organizations belonging to the deposed republic. If your name appeared in a file you could be dead. In addition, it organized archaeological excavations to try to prove its Aryan origin and assaulted other people's beds. He also signed secret agreements with the Nazis to send prisoners of war to extermination camps in violation of the Geneva Agreement. And he made a list of more than 2 1 0 political enemies that he was interested in repatriating from France to assassinate them in Spain. He was someone with a lot of energy!
Serrano Sunyer met with Himmler, organized meetings between Franco and Hitler, went to see Mussolini and discussed with Pope Pius XII the appointments of Spanish bishops related to the regime, believe it or not.
However, Don Ramón was somewhat complacent about the documents. The Germans through the embassy in Madrid, requested up to four times instructions on what to do with the Spanish refugees in France and especially in Les Allers where the majority were civilians: women and children. He ignored the matter, ordered the documents to be filed and answered that they should do what was best; 200,000 emigrants were not important to him because there were no more Spaniards than those who sympathized with fascism. And what suited the Nazis and the collaborationist government of Marshal Pétain was to get rid of them.
It is true that as I read, he requested the repatriation of six, Six! Interned in a concentration camp. I do not know; they would be relatives or some social commitment ... And it is also true that of those six they could only return two because the others were dead.
After much investigation to find out the reason for Sunyer's hatred towards any mortal who was not Falangist or Nazi, I found the unconfirmed information that his brothers would have been shot by the Republicans. It is understandable but not justifiable. Only in the train in which Rosa and her family travelled to Mauthausen were 927 civilians of whom 470 between the ages of 13 and 60 were confined and were beaten, gassed, starved and exhausted: 409 died. A somewhat exaggerated revenge! And not even against militants opposed to his ideas!

The strange thing about Serrano Sunyer's case is that he was never tried or prosecuted for his crimes, not even after democracy was installed in Spain. Their descendants are at home among the Spanish jet set, they are successful businessmen, they are high-ranking women ... You can see here some of their granddaughter and family businesses:
Neither he nor his family have had to compensate for taking the life of any innocent. Towards the year 2000, the lawyer Sophie Thonon-Wesfreid , from France , accumulated hundreds of evidence and testimonies against him , but could not do anything else since Ramón Serrano Sunyer died in 2003. The same happened with the imputation of the National Court that The former judge Baltasar Garzón will propitiate in 2008 for the crimes of Illegal Detention and Crimes against Humanity.
But perhaps the most shocking thing is that it was made a novel about the clandestine loves of Serrano Suñer with the Duchess of LLanzol from which a daughter was born, never recognized by Sunyer. And sweeten the personality of the connoisseur banalizing the crimes of Franco! And that novel was transformed into a miniseries without the proper historical rigor. Although television does not educate, it forms a criterion.
Note1: The surname Suñer or Sunyer are equivalent. The first is the Castilianization of a Catalan surname.
Note 2: Although not on this page of my notebook, but later, I consider it appropriate to include it here: The French government led by François Mitterrand, belatedly acknowledged and apologized to the families as Rose’s for sending innocent civilians to a Nazi extermination camp. And François Mitterrand knew first hand what had happened with the Spanish refugees ...